Tag Archives: Avatara

The transcendent of the number three

The transcendent of the number three

[Last Update: 04.01.2017]

Three stages or three states of the divine are described in Hinduism in the following way:

அரூபம் (Transliteration: Aruhpam)

Arupam is the transcendental “form” of the divine. Actually the word/term “form” is contradictory to that what is being described here.

Another way to describe: Arupam describes a state of formless existence of the divine. Here the word “existence” is disturbing. It describes a state in our physical world but this form is apart from our world.

  • dimensionless, formless = no space
    similar to the state before Big Bang
  • timeless = time does not exist
    similar to the state before Big Bang

→ apart from space and time:
It should be clear to everyone that time, matter, space etc. arose with the Big Bang.

Yato vaco nivartante 
aprapya manasa saha 

This is the state where the power of the natural language is insufficient to describe it and our mind is not able to conceive it.

Source: Yajur Vedha & Taittiriya-Upanishads: 4.1.1 + 4.1.2

அருவுருவம் (Transliteration: Aruvuruvam)

This is a form more precisely a state which is neither Aruhpam (formless) nor Uruvam (form-bound). This is a transitional form.

Na asat aseet 
na sat aseet tandanim

Rough translation: 
It is neither existent nor non-existent.

Source: Rig Vedha

உருவம் (Transliteration: Uruvam)

Uruvam describes the state when God takes a form to show mankind the way. This is called Avatara (அவதார) or incarnation. The word Avatar, which exists in our modern time/world, is a variation/modification of the word Avatara.


One can refer the three stages of the divine also to the universe. These stages are also consistent with the Big Bang theory.